Children with the autistic disorder may be managed the plans as defined the following.
- Specialized Therapies
- Behavioral Training and Management
- Tips for parenting a Child with Autism
- Self help skills / Adaptive skills
- Family Counseling / Home work Assignment
There are many specialized therapy that are very effective to treat / manage the children with the autistic disorder, as defined the following.
- Speech Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Physical Therapy
- Sensory Therapy
- Play Therapy
- Music Therapy
- Social Skills Training
- Work on Cognition
Speech therapy is one of the most essential therapies for autism disorder. It helps to improve language, social skills and enable the child two communicate effectively. Speech therapy formulated for evaluation and treating speech problems. Its goal is to achieve the language milestone and social skills. Speech therapist provides fun, encouragement, motivation, age appropriate and rehabilitation activities to improve speech and language. Speech therapy may also improve comprehension and expression through language, speech sound production and feeding and swallowing skills.
Occupational therapy is also known as OT. OT is basically works to develop physical recovery and social living style. It is formulated to maintain person’s personal living standard to live in.it is one person focused therapy. Its intervention focused on adapting the environment, multitasking skills, teaching the skills and educating the client’s family in order to increase the potential. it may also helps a child with autism to learn to process information from the senses like sight, sound, touch and smell.
Physical therapy or physiotherapy is implemented for the impairments and disabilities and mobility of a person. It is carried out by professional physical therapist or physiotherapists.
Sensory integration therapy or sensory processing therapy attempts to treat sensory processing disorder. Some of these treatments like sensory motor handling have rationale and no empirical evidence. Other treatments have studied with small positive outcomes but few conclusions can be drawn due to methodological problems with the studies. Empirical support is limited, systematic evaluation in needed if theses interventions are used.
Play therapy is psychotherapy in which therapist uses child’s fantasies and symbolic meaning of their plays as a medium of understanding and communication with the child. It is aimed to decrease behavioral and emotional difficulties that interfere with child’s normal functioning. These treatments implemented for sexual, physical abuse, neglect and the loss of family.
Music therapy is the use of interventions to accomplish the patient’s goal in therapeutic relationship by a professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. Music therapy is an allied health professional and also it is one of the most expressive therapies consisting of a process in which a music therapist use music and all of its facets, physical, emotional, mental, social, aesthetic and spiritual to help client’s improve their health. Music therapist is also used in hospitals, cancer centers, schools, alcohol and drug recovery programs, psychiatric hospitals and correctional facilities.
Social Skills Training
Social skills’ training is a form of behavior therapy that is performed by therapist, teachers and trainers to help the person with difficulties in communicating other people. Social skills training is basically focus on the teaching about emotional responses problems about verbal behaviors and non verbal behaviors as well that is involved I social situations. It helps patients to interpret the signs and symptoms of the social signals and determine their acts and respond in different situation.
Work on Cognition
Cognition in which we work on the sensory input transformation, reduction and elaboration. Cognition is refer as the mental process that includes the attention, memory, comprehending and producing language, calculating, reasoning, problem solving and decision making. Different tips are given to the parents of autistic child to manage their behaviors.
Behavior Therapy Techniques
Behavioral therapy technique is one the most important therapy in treating autistic child. It works on the training and behavioral management also teaches the people of all ages who have autism, how to communicate appropriately. This training can reduce behavioral problems and adaptive skills. Techniques are listed below;
- Positive reinforcement
- Social skills training
- Token economy
- Applied behavior analysis (ABA)
- Sensory integration
Medication also used in the treatment of autism in relating behavioral problems like aggression, self injurious behaviors, severe tantrums that keep the person with an autistic disorder from functioning more effectively at home or school.
Further medicines are most commonly used to treat related conditions and problem behaviors, including depression, anxiety, hyperactivity, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
Tips for Parenting a Child with Autism
The shock of finding out your child has autism is life-changing for most parents. But new findings show parents can fare well emotionally and still have a strong bond with their child. If your child has autism, you know how this developmental disorder can disrupt every part of your life — your relationships, physical and emotional health, and career aspirations. But there is hope and help. According to experts, the first key to understanding autism is to recognize that it profoundly alters how a person perceives the world.
Autism is usually detected during initial years of childhood, so early diagnosis is important to develop their full potential. Many autistic children have sleep problems. Treatments are usually done by staying a routine, bedtime, time to get up etc. Child needs intensive attention and proactive approach to learning about the child’s condition and treatments.
It is necessary to work with professionals in child’s care because they take time in listen and willing to work. Close communication with others involved in your child’s education and care will help all concerned. The best treatment for children with autism is a team approach and a consistent, structured program. Everyone involved needs to work together to set goals for:
Identifying and managing symptoms of autism and any related conditions. Behavior and interaction with family and peers, adjustment to different environments, and social and communication skills.
Self Help Skills, Adaptive Skills
The daily life activities of the children with autistic disorder are conditioned with the self help / adaptive behavior that is plays a very effective role in the management / treatment for the autistic children.
Family Counseling, Homework Assignments
Many people with autism find it hard to cope with the everyday environment. This section offers guidance on the often simple changes that can be made at home or at school to make surroundings more autism-friendly. There are also hints on preparing a child with autism for times of change, such as moving house. In the family counseling / homework assignments, there are many strategies / assignments that are very effective to manage the autism as defined the following.
- Caring & planning for future
- Lasting Power of Attorney
- Death Bereavement and Autism
- Environment & Surroundings
- Families / Supporting brothers & Sisters
- Home Improvements & Equipment funding
- Managing Money
- Moving House
- Oral Health for Children with Autism
- Toys and leisure Activities
- Toilet training
Caring & Planning for Future
Here we explain the rights of parent of an adult with autism and planning for future after their child reaches the age of 18.
Lasting Power of Attorney
The Information on Lasting Powers of Attorney (LPA) and how someone can be appointed to make decisions on another person’s behalf is taught here.
Death Bereavement and Autism
Death and bereavement are subjects that can be difficult to discuss. This natural reluctance means that we avoid discussing death until it is too late, especially with someone who has an autistic disorder. Useful guidance is provided for helping a child with autism to cope with the death of someone known to them.
Families / Supporting Brothers & Sisters
Advice is given parents and caregivers about supporting brothers and sisters of people with autism, whatever their age.
Home Improvements and Equipment’s Funding
In the home improvements and equipment’s funding, the sources of financial help for home adaptations or equipment for an individual who has autism.
The ability to manage personal finances is an important skill for any adult with autism who lives independently. Here, the advice on how to manage money successfully is planned.
Moving house is stressful for most people, but for someone with autism, change is very difficult and can lead to a lot of stress and anxiety. Here we give you some basic suggestions on how to make the experience less stressful.
Oral Health for Children with Autism
Here, the information and tips for maintaining oral health in children with autism is provided to the parents and caregivers like dental booklet and tooth brushing chart.
Toys and Leisure Activities
The health professionals have compiled a list of toys, books and play equipment that many parents have found to be popular with children with autism.
Toilet training is the process of teaching a young child to control the bowel and bladder and use the bathroom for elimination. A child is considered to be toilet trained when he or she initiates going to the bathroom and can adjust clothing necessary to urinate or have a bowel movement. Toilet training is sometimes called toilet learning or potty training.
Read more on our Health and Treatment blog.
Irsha Ikram, Writer, Psychologist, Msc Psychology
Published on: Nov 22, 2017 @ 18:23