The organ transplantation number has raised in the previous few years. It is because the no of donated organs has been increasing since last year due to an increase in drug abuse and fatal overdose. A non-profit group working in Ohio, “Lifeline” recorded a vast number of organ donors and recipients in year 2017. It is reported by Columbus Dispatch that the organization has noticed a drastic 37% rise in number of organs that have been transplanted. The statement is made by the Lifeline’s director Andrew Mullins.
Mullins has also said that the drug addiction is epidemic and sweeping the state and the organ donation by drug user has a direct effect on transplant rates. Lifeline organization is providing an organ donating service in 37 counties of Ohio along with two counties in West Virginia. See list of best liver cancer hospitals in world.
In 2016 Ohio was ranked second among the deaths rate due to drug abuse. 4,329 deaths were due to the fatal overdose. There was a recorded increase of 12 % in organ donations by fatally overdosed donors than 2016. There was a recorded increase of 12 % in organ donations by fatally overdosed donors than 2016.
The wife of Tony Shrines, Amanda shrines told that her husband has overdosed on the heroine. Therefore helped three people by donating his kidneys, pancreas and liver in October. It was a hard day for me said Amanda but along with a very bad day it brings something good in life of those three people. See vaginal mesh treatment details.
The Lifeline’s family service coordinator Becki Brown told that there are many misinformation and misconception about organ transplant is prevailing around. She said overdose can stop a person’s breathing process or it may stop his heart but it is not necessary that overdose harm the organs of that person.
It is necessary for a donation that the patient is admitted in hospital. According to Lifeline rules the person has to be on ventilator or he has to be declared brain dead by the Doctors. The age limit is not a restriction in organ donation but a diabetic or patient of hepatitis cannot donate an organ. Only one percent of organ donation is possible in deaths in US. According to an observation by United Network For Organ Sharing, a figure of more than 3,000 patients is reported who are waiting for organ transplant only in state of Ohio. See how worst is flu season in Texas.
To receive an organ from a drug addict makes any difference?
It is important to find out that would it make any difference if the organ one is receiving came from a person died from drug overdose. Critically saying 119,000 Americans are in queue for having a life saving transplant. This situation is forcing the Doctors to consider accepting organs from victims of drug overdose. In this context it is found that the risk of patient death are more on not receiving the organ than receiving organ from a drug addict. See nursing homes and elderly care centers in UK.
It is a fact that the persons who are into drug abuse habit are more vulnerable to get HIV, hepatitis B and C. But the modern Science has made doctors more and more comfortable in testing and screening the organs from drug abusers. The donors are tested and screened for HIV and Hepatitis B by the method of antibody testing and nucleic acid testing. This test reveals all the infections present in the body even after two days of exposure.
The transplant team of the hospital shares the information of donors death with the receiver. The recipient has to decide about his comfort level in receiving organ from an infectious risk donor. If the consent of the recipient is available and transplant is done the patient is closely monitored for about six months after transplant. See list of top heart transplant centers in world.
To still it cannot be said that the risk factor is over. There can be cases in which infection has spread particularly Hepatitis C because of imperfect early testing. But this situation can be controlled because now we have a treatment for hepatitis C which is quite effective and safe. One major factor is that 40% of patients who are waiting for liver transplantation are already suffering from hepatitis C. A person who is close to death due to lack of organ transplantation are mostly ready to accept the organ from one who has this disease.
Myths about receiving a young person’s organ donation for transplant
Another assumption is common that organs from young donors are generally better for transplants. But its not a fact. It can be a good choice, but it may sometime lead to underlying complications. The more important is to consider that how frequently the person was consuming drugs and what was the physical condition of the victim at the time of death. It is better to have a transplant from a donor who has the past of drug abuse but are now stable and in a phase of recovery. But above all it only depends on the decision of transplant team along with the comfort of the recipient in having an organ from a donor being drug addict. See mental retardation and its treatment.
The organ trafficking: A dark aspect of society
Along with legal organ transplantation as a life saving treatment illegal organ trade of human organs tissues and other body parts are also increasing with the third world countries. There is a need of healthy organs for life saving transplantations globally exceeding the legal availability of donors. Therefore, the black-market mafia is exploiting the poor people for organ trafficking. In USA about 90,000 people are waiting for transplantation in last few years. It will take approximately 3 years for a patient to receive an organ for transplant. Organ shortage is a crisis Not only in America but also in other parts of the world.
What is the legal status of organ donation?
The legal status of organ donation for transplantation has been changing around the world since 2013. Human organ trade is illegal in many aspects. It is becoming a widespread problem. One reason is that a no of patients are always in a dire need of organ transplant in order to save their lives. But the no of donors are never enough to meet the legitimate avenues. So most of the patients themselves end up searching for a donor in Black market in order to save their life.
People in the third world countries are the major group which are approached by the illegal organ buyers. The data obtained from World Health Organization shows that most of the targeted people are socially and financially unstable. In a recent study it has been revealed that only in India 71% of organ donors are living their lives below the poverty line.
Another debatable issue is making organ donation legal by providing the compensation factor i.e. to meet the need of the donor in any way suitable to him. For example Australia and Singapore have legalized the financial compensation for a donor. Still the question to whether legalize the compensation or regulate the organ trafficking to meet the needs of critical patients who are combating death every day is yet to be debated in detail.